A Real‐Time, Interactive Steering Environment for Integrated Ground Water Modeling
Shu‐Guang Li Qun Liu
Volume 44, Issue 5, Pages 758-763, September–October 2006, Journal of Groundwater
We present in this note an innovative software environment, called Interactive Ground Water (IGW), for unified deterministic and stochastic ground water modeling. Based on efficient computational algorithms, IGW allows simulating three‐dimensional (3D) unsteady flow and transport in saturated media subject to systematic and “random” stresses and geological and chemical heterogeneity. Adopting a new computing paradigm, IGW eliminates the fragmentation in the traditional modeling schemes and allows fully utilizing today’s dramatically increased computing power. For many problems, IGW enables real‐time modeling, visualization, mapping, and analysis. The software environment functions as a “numerical laboratory” in which an investigator may freely explore the following: creating visually an aquifer system of desired configurations, interactively applying stresses and boundary conditions, and then investigating and visualizing on the fly the geology and flow and transport dynamics. At any time, a researcher can pause to interact dynamically with virtually any aspects of the modeling process and then resume the integrated visual exploration; he or she can initiate, pause, or resume particle tracking, plume modeling, subscale modeling, stochastic modeling, monitoring, and budget analyses. IGW continually provides results that are dynamically processed, overlaid, and displayed. It dynamically merges modeling inputs and outputs into composite two‐dimensional/3D images—integrating related data to provide a more complete view of the complex interplay among the geology, hydrology, flow system, and transport. These unique capabilities of real‐time modeling, steering, analysis, and mapping expand the utility of models as tools for research, education, and professional investigations.